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Papers published by staff members and students of the Division of Human Nutrition, Department of Human Biology:


Steyn, N., Eksteen, G. and Senekal, M., 2016. Assessment of the dietary intake of schoolchildren in South Africa: 15 years after the first national study. Nutrients8(8), p.509.

Steyn, N.P., Jaffer, N., Nel, J., Levitt, N., Steyn, K., Lombard, C. and Peer, N., 2016. Dietary Intake of the Urban Black Population of Cape Town: The Cardiovascular Risk in Black South Africans (CRIBSA) Study. Nutrients8(5), p.285.

Hill, J., Mchiza, Z., Fourie, J., Puoane, T. and Steyn, N., 2016. Consumption patterns of street food consumers in Cape Town. Journal of Family Ecology and Consumer Sciences= Tydskrif vir Gesinsekologie en Verbruikerswetenskappe2016(Special Edition 2), pp.25-35.

Uys, M., Draper, C.E., Hendricks, S., de Villiers, A., Fourie, J., Steyn, N.P. and Lambert, E.V., 2016. Impact of a South African school-based intervention, HealthKick, on fitness correlates. American journal of health behavior40(1), pp.55-66.

De Villiers, A., Steyn, N.P., Draper, C.E., Hill, J., Gwebushe, N., Lambert, E.V. and Lombard, C., 2016. Primary School Children’s Nutrition Knowledge, Self-Efficacy, and Behavior, after a Three-Year Healthy Lifestyle Intervention (HealthKick). Ethnicity & disease26(2), p.171.

Manning, K., Senekal, M. and Harbron, J., 2016. Non-communicable disease risk factors and treatment preference of obese patients in Cape Town. African journal of primary health care & family medicine8(1), pp.1-12.

Senekal, M., Lasker, G.L., van Velden, L., Laubscher, R. and Temple, N.J., 2016. Weight-loss strategies of South African female university students and comparison of weight management-related characteristics between dieters and non-dieters. BMC public health16(1), p.918.


Lombard MJ, Steyn NP, Charlton KE, Senekal M. Application and interpretation of multiple statistical tests to evaluate validity of dietary intake assessment methods. Nutrition Journal 2015; 14:40

M’Kaibi FK, Steyn NP, Ochola S, Du Plessis L. Effects of agricultural biodiversity and seasonal rain on dietary adequacy and household food security in rural areas of Kenya. BMC Public Health 2015, 15:422


Naude CE, Schoonees A, Senekal M, Young T, Garner P, Volmink J. Low Carbohydrate versus Isoenergetic Balanced Diets for Reducing Weight and Cardiovascular Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. PLOS ONE 2014; 9:  1-30

Harbron J, Van der Merwe L, Zaahl MG, Kotze MJ, Senekal M. Fat Mass and Obesity-Associated Gene Polymorphisms Are Associated with Physical Activity, Food Intake, Eating Behaviors, Psychological Health, and Modeled Change in Body Mass Index in Overweight/Obese Caucasian Adults. Nutrients 2014, 6, 3130-3152; doi:10.3390/nu6083130

Ebrahim Z, De Villiers A, Ahmed T. Factors influencing adherence to dietary guidelines: a qualitative study on the experiences of patients with type 2 diabetes attending a clinic in Cape Town. Journal of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes of South Africa 2014: 19: 76-84


Harbron J, Booley S, Najaar B, Day CE. Responsive feeding: establishing healthy eating behavior early on in life. S Afr J Clin Nutr 2013; 26(3)(Supplement)

Lombard M, Steyn NP, Burger H-M, Charlton K, Senekal M. A Food Photograph Series for Identifying Portion Sizes of Culturally Specific Dishes in Rural Areas with High Incidence of Oesophageal Cancer. Nutrients 2013, 5, 3118-3130; doi:10.3390/nu5083118


Senekal M. Genotype-based personalized nutrition for obesity prevention and treatment: Are we there yet? South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2012; 25:9-14.

Naude CE, Carey PD, Laubscher R, Fein G, Senekal M. Vitamin D and calcium status in South African adolescents with alcohol use disorders. Nutrients 2012; 4: 1076-1094.


Naude CE, Senekal M, Laubscher R, Carey PD, Fein G. Growth and weight status in treatment-naïve 12-16 year old adolescents with alcohol use disorders in Cape Town, South Africa. Nutrition Journal. 2011 Aug 23;10:87.


Senekal M, Steyn NP, Nel JH. An instrument for screening of micronutrient intake of economically active South African adults. Public Health Nutrition:  In press.

 Whati LH, Senekal M, Steyn NP, Nell JH, Lombard C. Development of a performance rating scale for a nutrition knowledge questionnaire developed for adolescents. Public Health Nutrition:  In press.


Du Plessis LM, Najaar B, Koornhof HE, Labadarios D, Hendricks M, Petersen L.  Evaluation of the implementation of the Vitamin A Supplementation Programme in the Boland/Overberg region of the Western Cape Province of South Africa.  South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2007; 20(4): 126-132.


Brink M, Todorov SD, Martin JH, Senekal M, Dicks LMT. The effect of prebiotics on production of antimicrobial compounds, resistance to growth at low pH and in the presence of bile, and adhesion of probiotic cells to intestinal mucus. Journal of Applied Microbiology 2006; 100: 813-820.

Cilliers J, Senekal M, Kunneke E. The association between the BMI of first-year female university students and their weight related perception and practices, psychological health, physical activity and other physical health indicators. Public Health Nutrition 2006; 9(2): 234-243.

Steyn NP, Senekal M, Norris SA, Whati L, MacKeown J, Nel JH. The development and testing of 2-dimensional drawings and 3-dimensional food models to estimate food portion size in 12-13 year old children in the Birth-to-Twenty cohort in Johannesburg. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2006; 15: 28-35.


Brink M, Senekal M, Dicks LMT. Market and product assessment of probiotic/prebiotic-containing functional foods and supplements manufactured in South Africa. South African Medical Journal 2005; 95(2): 114-119.

De Villiers A, Koko-Mhlahlo K, Senekal M. Nutritional well-being of young children in Duncan Village, East London: accessibility of primary health care clinics. Public Health Nutrition 2005; 8(5): 520-532.

 Kruger HS, Puoane T, Senekal M, Van der Merwe M-T. Obesity in South Africa: Challenges for government and health professionals. Public Health Nutrition 2005; 8(5): 491-500.

Seele M, Senekal M. Dietary supplement use and associated factors among university students. South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2005; 18(1): 17-30.

Whati LH, Senekal M, Steyn NP, Lombard, Nel JH, Norris SA. Development of a reliable and valid nutrition knowledge questionnaire for urban South African adolescents. Nutrition 2005; 21: 76-85.


Senekal M, Steyn NP, Nel JH. Factors associated with overweight /obesity in economically active South African populations. Ethnicity and Disease 2003; 13: 109-115.


De Villiers A, Senekal M.  Determinants of growth failure in 12 to 24 month old children in a high density urban slum community in East London, South Africa.   European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2002; 56: 1231-1241. 


Rossouw K, Senekal M, Stander I.  The accuracy of self-reported weight by overweight and obese women at an outpatient setting. Public Health Nutrition 2001; 4: 19-26.

Swart S, Jaffer S. Evaluation of a Vitamin A computer-based learning programme. Journal of Community and Health Sciences 2001; 

Senekal M, Steyn NP, Mashego T-AB, Nel JH.  Evaluation of body shape, eating disorders and weight management related parameters in black female students of rural and urban origins.  South African Journal of Psychology 2001; 31: 45-53.


Steyn NP, Senekal M, Brits S, Nel J.  Urban and rural differences in dietary intake, weight status and nutrition knowledge of black female students.  Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2000; 9: 53-59.

 Steyn NP, Senekal M, Brits S, Alberts M, Mashego T,  Nel JM.  Weight and health status of black female students.  South African Medical Journal 2000; 90:146-152.

1999 and before

Senekal M, Albertse EC, Momberg DJ, Groenewald CJ, Visser EM.  A multidimensional weight-management program for women.  Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1999; 99:1257-1264.

Charlton KE, Hoosen F, Jaffer S.  Vitamin C and Zinc status of elderly women in residential care in Cape Town.  South African Journal of Gerontology.  1998; 7(2): 9-15.

Krige MU, Senekal M:  Factors influencing the nutritional status of pre-school children of farm-workers in the Stellenbosch District.  South African Journal of Food Science and Nutrition 1997; 9: 176-186. 

McKeown JM, Cleaton-Jones PE & Senekal M. Individual food item energy contributions in the diet of South African pre-school children – energy, total protein, carbohydrate, added sugar and fat intake.  South African Journal of Food Science and Nutrition 1994; 94-98.

Visser EM, van Wyk AS, Senekal M & Uys R.  Clothing needs and related problems of female social pensioners in Stellenbosch.  SA J Geront 1993; 17-22.

Kassier SM, Senekal M, van Aarde IMR, Sandler M.  Effect of textured plant protein in a mixed practical sized meal on the postprandial blood glucose response in healthy individuals: a pilot study.  South African Journal of Food Science and Nutrition 1990; 2: 61-63.

Senekal M, Albertse EC, Steyn NP.  Weight change in first year female students in residence at a South African University.  South African Journal of Dietetics and Home Economics 1988; 16: 83-87.